Syria. Monthly review (January 2019)

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May you rise, beautiful ancient country.


January 2. Residents of the Syrian city of Deir-ez-Zor celebrated the New Year. The event took place in the Al-Kusur region, and was organized by the Syrian Orthodox Church.

Local priests consecrated the Christmas tree, thus congratulating the province on the upcoming New Year. The event included a number of theater performances and performances. Children received special Christmas gifts. Local priest Kapril Hadzho delivered a speech in which he called on representatives of various faiths to unite for the prosperity of Syria. Source.

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The Russian military delivered 200 children from low-income families in Syrian Aleppo and the village of Muran Christmas gifts from the authorities in the Moscow region. Gifts include various sweets — gingerbread, candy, cookies, jam. Adults received food packages and bread. The Russian military held another action in one of the Aleppo schools: the children also received gifts, and in addition they watched a festive concert with the participation of Santa Claus and other fairy-tale characters. Source.

Forced migrants from the Syrian province of Daraa continue to return home after the liberation of the region from terrorist groups. The city authorities are actively restoring basic services in the area, necessary for life support. In particular, they are engaged in repair of water supply, sewage, electricity.

Many of those who have already returned to their homeland, are engaged in the restoration of their destroyed houses. Volunteer teams help clean up the central streets by removing garbage and debris from destroyed houses. Source.

Airline «Ajnehat Ash-Sham» launched the first flight from Damascus International Airport to «Habib Burgim» Airport in Tunisia. This happened for the first time after a seven year break.

The first flight with 150 passengers on board flew as part of the opening of air links between Syria and other Arab countries. The first aircraft from Damascus to Tunisia marked the launch of regular flights between the two countries. Many Tunisians came to the airport specifically to greet the plane and the Syrian delegation on board. People came holding the state flags of the Syrian Arab Republic. Source.

January 3. After the Syrian province of Daraa was completely liberated from terrorist organizations, local farmers began to gradually return to the Yarmuk basin. From time immemorial this region was famous for its fertile lands.

The Yarmuk River flows along the Syrian-Jordanian border, the area of ​​agricultural land is 500 hectares. After Daraa was liberated from illegal armed groups, farmers returned to the region and started planting crops again, but people still face many problems. Farmers are now demanding that provincial authorities support the agricultural sector in the Yarmuk River Basin. First of all, it is necessary to restore the roads, provide farmers with fertilizers at affordable prices so that they can afford the seeds and fuel. Source.

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Representatives of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation held another humanitarian action, during which the Russian military handed over 500 food kits with a total weight of 2.2 tons to residents of the village of Al-Hamra in the province of Hama. Source.

The rainy season, which began last September in the eastern part of the province of Homs, contributed to the emergence of new pastures in the region. Due to the abundant humidity, the desert land again covered with a green carpet. The young grass in turn helped the farmers keep livestock. Over the past few years, the number of sheep has halved due to the terrorist occupation.

At the moment, the authorities of the ancient city of Palmyra provide all the necessary resources for the Bedouins and breeders. In particular, they receive feed for their livestock. Such steps are necessary in order to restore the level of animal husbandry, which was seriously affected during the crisis. Source.

In the Syrian province of Daraa, two power substations in Sheikh-Miskin and Nave, as well as a 230 kV transmission line, which feeds the Sheikh-Miskin substation worth three billion Syrian pounds, were restored and put into operation.

Within the framework of a working visit to the Sheikh-Miskin substation, the Minister of Electricity of Syria, Zuher Khurbutli, stated that the ministry had developed a plan to restore the electricity supply system of Daraa province, which had suffered greatly during the terrorist occupation. According to authorities, the province’s total damage amounted to 40 billion Syrian pounds. At the moment, ministry officials are restoring a 230 kV transmission line, which energizes the region. Its total value is 500 million Syrian pounds.

In addition, work is continuing to restore the substation, located in Sheikh-Miskin, the cost of which is 1.5 billion Syrian pounds. This substation is considered the largest in Daraa province. According to the minister, repair brigades have already completely repaired the substation in Nava. The recovery was spent on the order of one billion Syrian pounds. Source.

January 4. The Russian military mission provided the residents of Syrian Aleppo with winter clothing, bread and grocery sets provided by Russian charitable foundations.

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Humanitarian aid was received by parishioners of the Al-Faras church located in the Christian district of Aleppo, Midan. The officers of the Center responded to the request and brought residents bread, food packages and warm clothes for children and adults, provided by Russian charity foundations. The work of the Russian military is currently focused on humanitarian actions that are held daily and will continue in the future. Source / Source2 (video).

January 5. Russian servicemen delivered 500 food packages to refugees from the city of Kefraya in the province of Idlib. Each set contains one kilogram of rice, sugar and flour, as well as four cans of stew and 30 g of tea.

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The camp is inhabited by people evacuated from the city of Kefraya that has been in the blockade of militants for more than three years. In July 2018, the military managed to bring the residents of the city to a safe place. During the occupation of the village by terrorists, residents were subjected to shelling, did not have access to medical care and clean water. Source.

In addition, representatives of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation carried out a humanitarian action in Hay Seif al-Dawlya district, Aleppo city. People received 1 ton of bread. Source.

January 6. The civil department in the Syrian East Ghouta continues to receive dozens of visitors to register cases of birth, death, marriage or divorce during the terrorist occupation of the province of Damascus.

Restoration of the civil registry and courts became one of the main priorities of the Syrian government after the government army took control of the territory of East Ghouta, clearing it from the militants.

According to the head of the municipality of Kafr-Bana, Taufik al-Bakhsh, the authorities are most concerned about providing local residents with electricity, which is necessary for the implementation of a number of services, as well as domestic and commercial consumption. Along with the advent of electricity, more and more shops and workshops began to open on the streets of East Ghouta. At the moment, the town of Kafr-Bana is provided with electricity by 80%. Source.

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Russian servicemen delivered about 2 tons of food to Yarmuk refugees in the south of Damascus. In the spring of 2018, Yarmuk suffered greatly from the battles of the liberation of the province of Damascus from terrorists. In May 2018, the Syrian army, with the support of Russian aviation, completed the liberation of the province of Damascus from terrorists. In addition to Yarmuk, the fiercest battles also took place in East Ghouta. Source.

In addition, over the past 24 hours, officers of the Reconciliation Center distributed assistance in the village of Al-Husseinia, Deir-ez-Zor provine, and in the village of Umm-Jurn, Aleppo province, during which 1000 food sets weighing 4.33 tons and 500 sets of warm clothes were distributed to the needy. Source.

The Department of Culture in Aleppo organized a children’s party in the city of Al-Safira, located in the southeast of the province. The main objective of the event — to please the kids during the New Year holidays. Each of the participants of the holiday received a gift timed to the solemn date — two years ago the city was completely liberated from the militants. Source.

January 7. The Syrian government has begun the supply of citrus fruits to Russia, the products are transported through the ports of Crimea — this is the shortest route between the two countries.

According to earlier agreements, citrus fruits are delivered from the port of Lattakia to the port of Crimea, since this route is the most convenient. Then the products are distributed among the rest of Russia. Recall that at last year’s Yalta International Economic Forum, a memorandum of cooperation was signed between the Republic of Crimea and the province of Lattakia. The parties agreed on development in the areas of trade, tourism, sports, construction, culture, the environment and the interaction of authorities.

In addition to citrus, SAR will supply Russia with olive oil, tropical fruits, early vegetables, phosphates and cotton products. Already in January 2019, the first ship with Russian grain, which will return with olive oil, will be sent to Syria. It is not excluded that Syrian citrus will be in demand not only in Russia, but also in other countries of the Eurasian Economic Union.

In addition, the Syrians are now restoring cotton production, which Russia is in great need. Cotton is almost not grown in the Russian Federation, but sewing enterprises are very active. The Syrian side is now most interested in rolled metal products of various types, as the country is actively restoring the infrastructure destroyed by the militants. At the moment, the Kerch Metallurgical Plant in Russia produces everything that the SAR needs — switches, rails, railway and automobile railways, loading terminals and many others. Source.

In the southern and eastern districts of the village of Khader in the north of the province of Al-Quneitra, reconstruction of the infrastructure destroyed by the militants continues. After receiving 50 million Syrian pounds, local authorities began rehabilitating power lines, roads, and housing. Source.

East Ghouta, Damascus province, returns to normal life after five years of terrorist occupation. Syria’s Ministry of Agriculture has already restored buildings and sheds that previously belonged to farmers in East Ghouta. In addition, as part of the government program for the development of the agricultural sphere, people received new livestock. In total, local farmers received about 500 cows imported from Germany. At the moment, daily milk revenue is 5.5 tons at the rate of 20 kg per cow. Source.

The Syrian Women’s Revival Society, in collaboration with the Iranian Cultural Center, held a festival for orphans in Deir-ez-Zor. As part of the ceremony, a children’s drawing competition was held — the children attending the festival drew the state Syrian flag and the flags countries friendly to Syria, such as Iran and Russia.

Some children also recited poems extolling the resilience of the Deir-ez-Zor people in the face of terrorism. Recall that the city was under siege for three years. At the end of the holiday, all orphans received symbolic gifts. Source.

January 8. Representatives of the Russian Center for Reconciliation of the Warring Parties in Syria conducted a humanitarian action in the village of Arbil in the province of Damascus, during which 500 food packages were distributed to those in need. Source.

The world’s largest indoor market, Al-Madin in Syria, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage List, may soon be able to work again in the war-torn Syrian Aleppo.

The works are going on one of the main tourist attractions of the old city, Al-Madin market, by the merchants themselves. Two years later, on the site of vaulted galleries and facades decorated with wooden carvings, the walls and blockages remain. The world’s largest covered market with a length of about 13 km was badly damaged during the battle for eastern Aleppo. Locals argue that before the war, the cost of a trading place in the historic part of the city reached a million dollars. Source.

January 9. In the Syrian Arab Republic, work continues aimed at the peaceful resolution of the conflict and the provision of comprehensive assistance to Syrian citizens in restoring peaceful life.

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Over the past day, representatives of the Russian Center for Reconciliation of the warring parties held one humanitarian action in the village of Aira in the province of As-Swaida, during which 500 food sets were distributed to the needy. Source.

January 10. Special repair brigades restored electricity in the village of Trinja in the province of Al-Quneitra.

For more than five years, residents of a Syrian village lived without electricity and heating. Now they help repairmen with their own forces to lay columns to increase the number of power cables. Source.

A Russian officer from the Center for Reconciliation of the Warring Parties in Syria in the costume of Santa Claus congratulated Syrian children on the New Year holidays. These are children of Syrian refugees who recently left the Idlib de-escalation zone through the Abu-Dukhur humanitarian corridor.

Employees of the Russian Reconciliation Center prepared many sweets for children — marshmallow, nuts in glaze, gingerbread, jam. These sweet gifts should brighten their lives, which for many years was in danger. The Russian officer in the costume of the beloved fairy-tale hero wished the Syrian children a lot of health and strength. He also expressed the hope that they would never see the war again. Source.

In addition, over the past day, representatives of the Russian Center for Reconciliation of the Warring Parties held one humanitarian action in the village of Dail in the province of Daraa, during which 500 food sets were distributed to the needy. Source.

The assembly line for passenger cars with a capacity of up to 40 cars per day was once again launched at the Siamco joint Syrian-Iranian automobile plant in the Arda industrial zone near Damascus.

The Siamco plant opened in 2007 and worked for five years until it was mothballed in 2012. This is the first and at the moment the only automobile enterprise in Syria. Currently, the plant produces Sham sedans on the Peugeot platform. Some of them are produced as part of the state order, for example, for the needs of the police, the rest are delivered to the market.

According to the plant director, in the nearest plans of the enterprise — the opening of a new workshop and the gradual automation of assembly lines. Source1 / Source2.

The Drinking Water Administration in Syria Daraa continues to restore water supply systems in the city of Sheikh Miskin in the northern suburbs of the province. The infrastructure was severely damaged by a terrorist attack on the city.

At the moment, special repair teams are building new water lines, as well as digging wells, which will provide residents of Sheikh Miskin with water. In addition, the masters are engaged in repairing the headquarters of the drinking water management and the central urban warehouse. To date, workers have managed to drill five wells, but they are not going to stop there. Source.

January 11. A furniture factory was restored in Aleppo. This furniture production has been operating for 14 years. Before the war, the company was recognized as the best throughout Syria.

When hostilities began in the republic, the work of the factory was stopped for six years. And only thanks to the efforts of the Syrian government army that liberated Aleppo, did the furniture factory work again.

In the manufacture of furniture, the Aleppo factory uses two main components: beech and melamine. The latter is usually brought from other countries. With the help of equipment using special technologies, furniture is created at this factory. Source.

The wives and mothers of the Syrian soldiers who died during the hostilities were given the opportunity to take a free course on sewing skills. The organizer of an unusual charity project is Muhammad Al-Zen, director of a sewing factory in Aleppo.

Under his leadership, a project called “Response gratitude for the families of the victims” was launched, within the framework of which a training course on sewing skills for 25 women is held with subsequent practice. During their studies, students are provided with free accommodation and meals.

Subsequently, anyone who has completed sewing courses at a factory in Aleppo is recommended to owners of other workshops. All this is done to ensure that a woman becomes as self-sufficient as possible, so that she can support not only herself, but also her family. Source.

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In Aleppo, the largest factory in the Arab East restored the production of electrical cables. The company is preparing not only to meet the demand in the domestic market, but also to export its products. It took two years to assemble the workers and restart the production lines.

Currently, two workshops and a warehouse have been restored. The plant director said that about 400 people worked at the plant before the war, and now there are only 120.

Now there are more than enough suppliers of raw materials for the plant — metal is brought from China and Egypt, and the first foreign companies from India and Iran have already appeared among the buyers. Currently, the demand for electrical cables in Syria is especially high, as the country is restoring electrical grids, and kilometers of wires are again being pulled from city to city.  Source1 / Source2.

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Russian experts of the Center for reconciliation of the warring parties in Syria delivered humanitarian aid to the settlement of Maalyulya — 500 food sets, some of these sets were transferred to the monastery of St. Thecla. Russian experts come to this city not for the first time. Source.

January 13. For the past day, Russian military personnel conducted three humanitarian actions: in Hatlah (Deir-ez-Zor province), al-Istabl (Al-Quneitra province) and in al-Arimah (Aleppo province). During the actions, 1,500 sets of food were distributed to Syrian civilians, as well as 420 school backpacks with writing materials. Source.

January 14. The health department in the Syrian province of Daraa is planning to set up a number of clinics for people with diabetes in northern and western suburbs.

The opening of new hospitals will be held in the framework of the implementation of the new program of the department, aimed at helping all residents of the region. After the liberation of the province by the Syrian government army, the local health administration was actively engaged in the restoration of medical services to the population. Initially, assistance to diabetics was provided in seven Daraa clinics in the Da’il, Tafas, Nava, Al-Herak, Bosra, Jiza, Al-Shadzhar districts. There were two more clinics located in the cities of Daraa and Isra, during the terrorist occupation of the province, both buildings remained under the control of the Syrian government army. Source.

For the first time, Russian military police delivered humanitarian aid to populated areas of the Manbij district in the north-east of Aleppo province near the Turkish-Syrian border. School supplies were delivered to the village of Abu-Heidj (420 schoolbags and 140 kg of Tula gingerbread were distributed to children), and 500 food kits consisting of rice, sugar, flour, and canned food were delivered to the village of Jub Al-Hamir. The Russian military intends to continue to carry out humanitarian actions in the townships and villages of Manbij. Source / Source2 (video).

The head of the Chamber of Commerce of Aleppo, Majd al-Dabbah, told about the development of the economy in the province. At the moment, the Chamber of Commerce is working to restore markets in the city, which in turn will be able to start the economic movement. Al-Dabbah stressed that his organization did everything possible to help the markets in the Old City open again after a long period of stagnation.

First of all, it is necessary in order to eliminate the consequences of a long-term terrorist war in the country, to return numerous factories and plants to work. Now the main task of the Aleppo Chamber of Commerce is to rehabilitate all markets and shops in the Old City. Source.

A shoe factory in the Syrian province of Hama (Musyaf town) received over 155 million lire of profits last year after it produced 156,000 shoes. Currently, this figure is 71% of the company’s annual plan.

The management of the Syrian shoe factory announced the development of a plan to increase production in 2019 in order to increase profits and expand production of new types of shoes that could compete with other products in the market.

At the moment, a shoe manufacturing factory needs new production forces. A number of machine tools need repair, because over the long years of the terrorist war they were badly damaged. Source.

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More than five thousand women and children in Hazza area of East Ghouta, a district in the vicinity of Damascus, liberated from militants by the Syrian army in April 2018, received food and clean drinking water as part of the Akhmat-Khadzhi Kadyrov Regional Public Foundation. The head of Chechnya, Ramzan Kadyrov, announced this on his page on Vkontakte.

The Kadyrov Foundation also restores social facilities for Syrian orphans and two mosques in the country, including the Umayyad medieval mosque in Aleppo, which was badly damaged during the fighting in the city. Source.

A group of tourists and archaeologists visited the ancient city of Palmyra in order to bring the message to the whole world that this place is absolutely safe for people.

During the visit to Palmyra, the guests visited the reserve of Talila, located to the east of the city, as well as the well of Afki, which plays a special role in the history of the ancient oasis. Its age is 7,000 years old.

This tour confirms that Palmyra has returned to normal. In the future, the city will again be able to receive large flows of tourists from around the world. Source.

January 15. Sevastopol and the Syrian province of Tartus concluded an agreement on the implementation of international and foreign economic relations in the trade, economic, scientific, technical, cultural, humanitarian and social spheres.

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The document was signed by the governors Dmitry Ovsyannikov (from the Russian side) and Safuan Abu Saad (from the Syrian side). It is assumed that the two regions will make efforts to establish «direct links between economic entities registered in the territory of Sevastopol and the province of Tartus». This includes the creation of joint ventures, the provision of conditions for the participation of companies in fairs, exhibitions and other events, the exchange of information on various areas of trade and economic relations, raw materials needs, components, finished products and opportunities for reciprocal supplies of material resources.

The agreement provides for the exchange of delegations and experts in various fields, the development of cooperation in the field of energy and energy efficiency, housing and utilities, construction and infrastructure development, employment, environmental protection, science, education, culture, health, social protection of the population, sports and tourism . The possibility of interaction between youth and other public organizations is stipulated. Source.

In Aleppo, the largest industrial quarter resumed operation. The owners of factories and plants return to the business of their whole life. Leramun is now considered a ghost-town and the hope of all Aleppo: before the war it was a huge industrial zone for thousands of small private enterprises, during the war it was a place of heavy fighting. Now production is being revived.

In Syria, people are not paying attention to the forced chaos. The main thing is that everything works and feeds people. In a country where a third of production lies in ruins, and a third is being restored, the main thing is to start producing at least some values as soon as possible. And only then improve the business. Source.

In the workshops, which withstood the attacks of terrorists, began the production of textiles — the famous Syrian cotton fabrics — while in limited quantities. Next door, in the same room, they began to produce disinfectants. Before the war there was a large pharmaceutical production, the plant was evacuated to Lattakia. In the near future, entrepreneurs are planning to return it back. Source.

January 16. A Russian humanitarian convoy delivered a shipment of food to Sayyidia village in the Manbij area of northeast Aleppo.

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The needy were distributed 500 humanitarian food sets, which include canned meat, sugar, flour, rice and tea, 300 warm baby blankets, which are essential during the cold season. The military also brought bread due to the fact that local bakeries do not work. Source / Source2 (video).

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The authorities of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug — Ugra intend to open a trade office of the region in the Syrian province of Homs in the summer of 2019. In April 2018, the head of the region, Natalia Komarova, visited Syria, and an agreement was concluded between the Russian region and the Syrian province on cooperation in the economic and humanitarian spheres. In December, the Syrian delegation visited Ugra with a return visit, during which the parties agreed on the establishment of a district trade representation in the province.

It is reported that first of all Ugra intends to promote the products of the local agro-industrial complex, for example, northern berries, as well as medicinal and tea herbs. Also, the regions plan to develop cooperation in the field of health and telemedicine. Source.

January 17. The authorities of the Russian Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous District — Ugra invited Syrian cinematographers to take part in the international film debut festival «Spirit of Fire», which will be held in Khanty-Mansiysk from March 1 to 6.

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The International Festival of Cinematographic Debuts «Spirit of Fire» will be held in Ugra for the seventeenth time. The theme of the festival this year will be «Theater and cinema, their community and relationships». Source.

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As part of a humanitarian operation in Syria, the Russian military distributed 400 sets of children’s clothing, 400 warm blankets, and 400 towels to civilians in the province of Damascus. In addition, there was a distribution of ton of fresh bread in the Aradu-Zineitun area of Aleppo. Source.

January 18. The Syrian province of Hama has received about 16 thousand tons of cotton, brought from Hasaka province, located in the north-east of the SAR.

Yasir Rabia, director of the local textile shop, said that the plant had about 5,700 tons. The quality of the cotton obtained remains at the highest level. In the future, the store will supply cotton produced to public sector companies, which turn it into yarn and textiles.

Before the outbreak of hostilities, cotton was one of the most important crops around Hama. However, during the war in Syria, the production of raw materials fell by 2%. In particular, this was due to repeated attacks by terrorists on farmers, water sources, irrigation systems and agricultural land in the region. Source.

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The Russian military delivered another batch of humanitarian aid to the town of Varida, located near the town of Manbij in the north of the province of Aleppo in Syria. Villagers received 500 humanitarian food sets with a total weight of more than 1 ton, as well as bread, since there is no bakery in the area. Source.

In the Syrian province of Homs, the reconstruction of a national hospital began, which provided free medical services to local residents.

As part of the Syrian government program to restore the liberated provinces from terrorism, the local health administration began repairing a hospital that was destroyed during a terrorist attack. Recovery work is close to its logical conclusion. Part of the hospital is already equipped with modern medical devices. Very soon, the doors of the medical facility will open to receive new patients. Source.

For the first time in five years, five dams were commissioned in the Syrian province of Al-Quneitra. They were built in the districts of Brega, Codna, Al-Hadja, Al-Mamtana, Ruwayhina. In addition, there was an increase in water level by about 30% after the torrential rains in the region. Source.

January 19. Syrian authorities are implementing a landscaping project in the province of Damascus.

Syrian volunteers planted the 67th tree at a site near the road to the international airport in Damascus. It is expected that, closer to the spring, an entire greening campaign will be launched in this area in order to restore the burned forests and solve environmental problems that have arisen after prolonged hostilities.

Agriculture Minister Ahmed al-Qadri said that the agency is doing everything possible to rehabilitate the forest areas that were cut down, burned and destroyed during the occupation of terrorist groups. In the next phase of the restoration of the region, the ministry will provide the area not only with new trees, but also pastures for farmers. Source.

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Russian investors involved in airport construction are considering taking part in the modernization of Damascus airport.

Syrian Transport Minister Ali Hamoud at a meeting with the Russian delegation said that Syria plans to build a new international terminal at Damascus Airport, which in the future will be able to receive up to 15 million passengers a year, and is looking forward to working with the Russian Federation. He expressed confidence that «Syria will become the center in organizing flights between different countries of the Arab region», while currently Damascus Air Harbor can receive up to 5 million travelers. Source.

The health department in the province of Homs sent a number of mobile medical teams to the depths of the Syrian desert to the south and east of the city of Palmyra, in order to provide the local population who returned to their homes after the departure of terrorists with medicines.

The inhabitants of the Badia desert were actively engaged in animal husbandry, but the conditions of the military conflict that Syria has faced over the past few years have forced people to abandon their main activity and leave their native region. Local residents have completely lost any medical services — for several years the region has not even been vaccinated. Now mobile medical teams are actively distributing important medicines among the population, including children. They also conduct examinations of pregnant women, inoculate and help arrange health care in the region. Source.

January 21. The Russian Center for Reconciliation of the Warring Parties in Syria delivered a batch of humanitarian aid to the residents of the village of Delafat in the Manbij area in the north-east of Aleppo province. The poor were given 500 humanitarian food kits, which include canned meat, sugar, rice, flour, tea and bread.

According to the representative of the Russian Reconciliation Center, there are at least several dozen settlements in the area whose residents need assistance, so the Reconciliation Center will continue to deliver such goods. Local authorities report the townships where residents are particularly in need of food. Source.

In addition, over the past day, representatives of the Russian Reconciliation Center held one humanitarian action in the village of Alma, the province of Daraa, during which 500 food sets were distributed to the needy. Source.

January 22. In Aleppo, metallurgy is recovering. The copper market in old Aleppo, like many other areas, was destroyed after terrorist groups seized control of this quarter, but some copper producers who managed to transfer their workshops to safe areas continued to produce during hostilities and produce even now .

Copper producers are looking forward to returning to their stores soon. This will be possible after the final reconstruction of the city. Ordinary workers are actively seeking to revive their profession through the development of production methods, as well as to inspire younger generations to learn the art of this craft and improve their skills. Source.

The Water Resources Authority in the province of Al-Quneitra is actively engaged in the restoration of the Al-Rakad dam, part of which was destroyed as a result of numerous terrorist acts in the south of the region. Source.

In one of the enclaves of the city of Aleppo, the Russian military held a humanitarian action, during which they distributed 250 sets of warm clothes and more than 1 ton of bread to local residents. This area was one of the first in Aleppo, which militants seized in 2012. During the occupation, the militants completely destroyed the enclave and now its inhabitants are sorely lacking even the most basic products and things.

In addition, representatives of the Russian Centre for Reconciliation carried out a humanitarian action in the settlement of al-Deyr-al-Asad, Daraa province. People received 500 food sets. Source.

January 23. In the framework of the government program to improve the lives of Syrian citizens after a long crisis in the country, a special committee was created that helps SAR residents to find housing.

The branch in Homs will allocate more than 800 apartments located in the liberated areas, most of them located to the south-west of Homs, near the Bab Amr district. It was from this area that the victories of the Syrian army in the fight against terrorism and the return of security to the province of Homs began. Representatives of the committee believe that SAR residents should continue to receive housing, despite the many obstacles and difficult economic situation in the country. Source.

As part of the implementation of the program of the Ministry of Justice in several regions of Syria, the judiciary has been activated. In particular, the new courts were opened in areas of Homs, liberated from terrorism thanks to the Syrian army.

The Talbisa court and the complex of courts in Ar-Rastan in the northern part of Homs were opened after a lack of lengthy justice and judicial power in the region.

Today’s opening of the courts is an important step to simplify procedures for ordinary Syrian citizens and speed up the achievement of justice in the regions where the power of the Syrian state was returned. The authorities managed to get the terrorists to leave North Homs last May. This happened with the direct participation of the Russian side and in cooperation with the Syrian government. Source.

The Syrian Railway Authority of Syria regained its membership in the International Federation of Railways on the basis of a decision issued by the Federation to the Ministry of Transport. Syrian railways can now use all the functions associated with updating their status as an active member of the International Federation of Railways.

The ministry noted that during the long years preceding the terrorist war in Syria, the corporation had undertaken to pay all of its obligations to the International Railway Federation, but since 2011 it could not pay fees due to the existing economic measures introduced in the attitude of the Syrian banks. Currently, the Syrian Central Railway Authority is working on the completion and resumption of a number of projects that were suspended during the war years, including the suburban transport train project and the investment complex project being developed at Hijaz station in central Damascus.

The Russian side actively assisted in the restoration of the Syrian railways. Thus, Russian experts repaired a railway section from the Syrian seaport of Tartus to the town of Jabli, its length is 65 km. This route is now sending humanitarian aid to Syrian refugees. Source.

January 26. The International Islamic Center of Russia held a meeting at which it announced a work plan for several Russian projects at once, each of which will be implemented in Damascus.

In the economic sphere, the Center will develop a project for the reconstruction of power plants in the provinces of Deir-ez-Zor and Aleppo. Similar restoration work is already underway in the Damascus area. As for culture, the first Russian film festival in Syria will be held in March. In addition, various Russian performances will be shown. The main objective of such events is to acquaint the people of Syria with the Russian language and Russian culture.

As part of cooperation in the sports field, a match will be held between the teams of Russia and Syria. The event will take place in Lattakia.

As a charity event, Russia will take 100 Syrian children each year and send them to special resorts where they can relax and experience psychological comfort. The project will be implemented in cooperation with the Ministry of Defense of Russia. Source.

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A congress of sheikhs and elders of the Bedouin tribes was held in the very center of Syria. As befits the real inhabitants of the desert, they simply chose a point on the map and came together to it. At the crossroads near the ancient Syrian city of Itria, a tent was pitched. The topic of the meeting is clear to everyone. Foreign troops who are present in Syria, were seriously and loudly asked «to get out». This was said not by one person, but by six thousand reputable men, each one of whom is with a large family. Sometimes — armed.

This is a significant event, especially when you consider that nothing like this has been held in Syria in recent years, and public figures, political scientists and dozens of journalists from Arab TV channels attended the event. The event ended with a joint declaration on the creation of the movement «For a United Motherland». Which, in turn, will ask all the military who set foot on the Syrian land without an invitation, to leave. So far politely. Will see what will happen tomorrow. Source (more photos).

January 27. Against the backdrop of economic and investment revitalization, Syria launched a project of the exemplary city Zeytuna City, which will be located 15 kilometers between the provinces of Damascus and Homs.

Construction of the city was announced during an economic conference at the Dama Rose Hotel in Damascus. Professor Mahmoud Al-Arak, president of the «Mother Syria» Association, said Zeytuna City was the first project of this kind, noting that the group of companies had already expressed a desire to implement the project, and Syrian banks had expressed their willingness to contribute to the management of the city’s financial portfolio.

The city will become an independent unit with a unique design. Zeytuna City will be built in inland areas near the Syrian Desert, unlike projects that are being implemented in residential areas. This will contribute to attracting investors to empty territories, stimulate the creation of other projects in the area, solve the housing problem, and also allow implementing projects in the field of industry. In addition, this project will contribute to creating new jobs and reducing pollution through the use of renewable energy sources. Source.

Liberated from terrorists, the city of Aleppo continues to recover. To date, the city has changed significantly. Aleppo’s state institutions began to work again, reconstruction of buildings and markets is ongoing, central streets have been opened, and most citizens receive electricity, heat and water. Most of the city is in complete security, the southern region is also under the control of the army, supported by Russian aviation. People can safely return to normal life. Source.

January 29. In Syria, in the province of Lattakia, the largest dairy plant in the country was built from scratch as part of the state program to restore the country.

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The plant has the most modern equipment that allows it to produce tons of kefir, sour cream, cheese and, of course, milk itself. These volumes are enough to fully meet the needs of the province. The farm is located just a hundred meters from the plant. International sanctions did not affect the supply of food, so the authorities were able to buy pedigreed German cows. Three hundred and thirty cows per day produce more than 6.5 tons of milk.

In the near future, the number of cows on the farm plan to bring up to a thousand. Such modern complexes of a full cycle, like in Lattakia, will appear in all provinces of Syria. Source (video).

January 30. Syrian Christians began to restore the Church of the Holy Trinity in the city of Kesab in the mountainous Lattakia.

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This cult Armenian building is one of the four main temples in the region. When the militants seized the city, the first thing they did was to plunder and burn the Christian churches and destroy everything that was of cultural and historical value. Government troops liberated the city after three months. Residents who returned to the city found their houses in ruins, but first they decided to restore the temples. The money for the restoration was collected by all the residents. Source (video).

After the liberation of the city of Deir-ez-Zor from terrorism in late 2017, the Syrian authorities began to actively restore the region. First of all, it is necessary to accommodate the population, which is gradually returning to their homes. Source.

January 31. The National Museum in Damascus continues to receive visitors after re-opening, as well as after adding to its archives many artifacts, including those that were transferred from other museums. In addition, the museum returned what was discovered after the theft of terrorists. Source.

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